An introduction to THC-Δ9

What is Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol?

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AN INTRODUCTION TO THC-Δ9

What is Delta-9-THC?

 

A short introduction to THC-Δ9

THC-Δ9

So, What is Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol ?

In general, when most people think of THC, they think of the euphoria or high associated with cannabis. While it is true that THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, is the chemical responsible for most of marijuana’s psychotropic effects, it is actually a lot more complex than that. In fact, it is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) that is primarily responsible for the psychoactive effects of cannabis. One of many cannabinoids within the cannabis plant, to really know Δ9-THC, one must also know what cannabinoids are, how they interact with the human body, and what makes Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol unique to the other cannabinoids present within cannabis.   

What’s a Cannabinoid?

A cannabinoid is a secondary metabolite. This is to say that cannabinoids are chemicals which, while they have no role in the actual development of the cannabis plant, they are essential to the plant’s protection. There are over 100 cannabinoids found within the cannabis plant, present to lesser and greater degrees, and with varying effects on the human body. For example, while some strains may have higher levels of THC and lower levels of CBD, other strains have been cultivated toward the reverse. Additionally, while THC creates the well-known cannabis high, CBD has no psychotropic effects. And while THC-Δ9, or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, is primarily responsible for the psychoactive effects of cannabis, THC-Δ8, or delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol carries a lower psychotropic potency. All of the major cannabinoids, however, carry some medicinal weight, and their medicinal value varies.

Delta-9-THC : Mechanism of action

How does Delta-9-THC affect the Human Body?

To understand how Δ9-THC influences the human body, one must first learn how cannabinoids in general interact with the human body. In short, the human body creates chemicals called endocannabinoids (cannabinoids created from within), and the cells within the human body contain receptors (CB-1 and CB-2) for those cannabinoids. Generally speaking, endocannabinoids appear to suppress inflammatory signals to varying degrees when they bind to our cells. More importantly, the efficacy of any given cannabinoid largely depends on how they are received by the human body’s CB-1 and CB-2 receptors. For example, CBD binds to both CB-1 and CB-2 receptors while Delta-9-THC and Delta-8-THC bind primarily to CB-1 receptors.

But Why does THC-Δ9 create a “High” while other cannabinoids may not?

When THC-Δ9 is introduced to the human body, either by smoking or ingesting, it attaches to cannabinoid receptors concentrated in areas of the brain associated with memory, pleasure, thinking, perception of time, and coordination – and stimulates them to release dopamine. This process creates the euphoria, relaxation, psychomotor, and other effects associated with the cannabis “high”.  

What are the Medicinal uses of Delta- 9-THC?

Marijuana has been used in medicine for over 3,000 years, yet it has only been a few decades since researchers have really begun to explore the cannabis plant, the cannabinoids present, the mechanism of action of cannabis within the human body, and the effects of the specific cannabinoids themselves. While cannabis is generally known to reduce nausea and vomiting, and increase appetite, recent studies have shown that Delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol may also be used as an analgesic (pain reliever), anti-inflammatory, and tumor growth inhibitor. 

While cannabis research is still in its early stages, and new research is ongoing, it is believed that Delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol may be helpful in the treatment of the following illnesses among others:

Nausea

Inflammation

PTSD

Neuropathic and chronic pain

Insomnia and Sleep Apnea

Arthritis

Migraines

Cancer

Crohn’s disease

Fibromyalgia

Alzheimer’s disease

Multiple sclerosis

Glaucoma

ADHD

Appetite loss

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Top 5 Best Yonkers Blogs, Podcasts and Youtubers The Best Yonkers Blogs from thousands of blogs on the web ranked by relevancy, social engagement, domain authority, web traffic, freshness and social metrics. Subscribe to these websites because they are actively working to educate, inspire, and empower their readers with frequent updates and high-quality information. Contents [show]  […]

Top 5 Amarillo Influencers, Blogs, Podcasts & Youtubers in 2020

Top 5 Best Amarillo Blogs, Podcasts and Youtubers The Best Amarillo Blogs from thousands of blogs on the web ranked by relevancy, social engagement, domain authority, web traffic, freshness and social metrics. Subscribe to these websites because they are actively working to educate, inspire, and empower their readers with frequent updates and high-quality information. Contents [show]  […]

Harvest Files Lawsuit To, “Request termination and rescission of the Merger Agreement (“Transaction”) and return of money Harvest paid to Falcon under the Merger Agreement”

Here’s the full press release; OTC DISCLOSURE & NEWS SERVICE Harvest Files Suit Against Falcon International, Inc.Press Release | 01/07/2020 Harvest Files Suit Against Falcon International, Inc. Canada NewsWire PHOENIX, Jan. 7, 2020 PHOENIX,Jan. 7, 2020/CNW/ — Harvest Health & Recreation Inc. (CSE: HARV, OTCQX: HRVSF) (“Harvest“), a vertically integrated cannabis company with one of the largest and deepest footprints in […]

Canadian Cannabis 2.0: Going Beyond GPP

One year after Canadian recreational cannabis’s historic date of October 17th, 2018, in comes Cannabis 2.0, which will see edibles containing cannabis and cannabis concentrates enter the legal recreational market. As of October 17th, 2019, there are seven classes of legal cannabis products in the marketplace, making Canada an innovative leader in this evolving industry. The […]

Italy Sets New Pace For Recreational Cannabis & Domestic Cultivation

The Italian Supreme Court seemed to take a page from both Israel and Thailand last year (who announced exports and reform legislation on Christmas Day 2018). In the dying days of 2019, on December 19, the court ruled in what is basically a landmark decision for not only the country but the continent, that small-scale […]

Terpene Resins Market 2019, Trend, CAGR Status, Growth, Analysis and Forecast to 2024

As per the Researchunt market industry research Global Terpene Resins market, global industry analysis, trend, size, share, growth in the database.Read More

Colorado Dept of Revenue: New Ad & Branding Rules & Regs For Cannabis

Dear MED Licensees and Stakeholders, Please see our most recent Compliance Tip focused on Advertising and Branding for Regulated Marijuana Businesses. 200107 Compliance Tip_Advertising Rules_Final Read More

NORML Hope Committee Development Will Smooth Passage of MORE

We’d be a little more cautious as DC is as about as partisan as it can get at the moment with impeachment and Iran. Practicalities like MORE may well get lost in the wash. We shall see Here’s the latest update from NORML We’re writing today to let you know that the House Small Business […]

Press Release: “Governor Northam Unveils Bold Criminal Justice Reform Agenda – Legislative package includes marijuana decriminalization, parole reform”

Here’s the press release in full RICHMOND—Today, Governor Ralph Northam unveiled his proposed criminal justice reform agenda for the 2020 General Assembly Session. Legislative initiatives include decriminalization of marijuana, parole reform, raising the felony larceny threshold, raising the age of juvenile transfer to adult court, and the permanent elimination of driver’s license suspensions for unpaid fines, […]

Mark Taylor (Euro Editor of Cannabis Law Report) To Publish, “Bloomsbury Professional Law Insight – Cannabis Law and Regulation”

We’re proud to announce that our European correspondent & editor, Mark Taylor, has just announced the publication of his  title “Cannabis Law and Regulation” with respected UK professional publisher Bloomsbury Professional Here’s some information about the title   Bloomsbury Professional Law Insight – Cannabis Law and Regulation Mark Taylor is a journalist, copywriter and editor. […]

UK – Sunday Times Report: Taxpayers Paid £2.5 Billion To Incarcerate Cannabis Offenders Since 2015

The Sunday Times writes,    Taxpayers have spent more than £2.5 billion detaining up to 8,000 people a year for cannabis offences since 2015, The Times can reveal. Figures from the Ministry of Justice (MoJ) show that more than one in every 100 people behind bars in Britain over the past five years was convicted of a cannabis offence […]

Nevada: As of 1 January Most employers in Nevada can no longer utilize pre-employment drug tests for marijuana

Just a quick reminder of legislation signed into law mid 2019 by the state’s governor and came into effect as state law 1.1.2020   LAS VEGAS (KSNV) reports — Nevada is now the first state that bans most employers from utilizing pre-employment drug tests for marijuana as a hiring practice. “That really opens up their job […]

420 Investor Daily Publishes Simple Guide To Cannabis Laws In New Mexico

If you are looking for a quick overview of where we are January 2020 this is as good a starting point as any for an overall understanding. New Mexico is the first state in the country to allow medical use of cannabis in some form. The state allowed cannabis use through the Controlled Substances Therapeutic […]

Cannabis Economics & Creating Efficiencies for Profit Margin

News of cannabis glut and falling wholesale prices has been dominating the airwaves of late, despite some recent reports showing that prices are remaining steady. As legalization continues to spread across the nation, the industry is poised to become commoditized, especially in those areas where it has been legal for a longer period of time. […]

Consumer Protection Laws & CBD Products—What You Need to Know Before Going to Market

By now, cannabis companies have heard that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued a slew of warning letters to sellers of CBD products for selling unapproved and mislabeled drugs and illegally adulterated food, as prohibited by the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. However, companies marketing CBD products should know that making any […]

How to Grow Cannabis Plants for Concentrate Production

While flower is still the most popular way to consume cannabis, the concentrates market is booming. Some predict concentrates will be nearly as popular as flower by 2022, with an estimated $8.5 billion in retail sales. That’s a lot of concentrates and, chances are, cannabis producers are already feeling the pressure to keep up. Concentrates […]

Preparing Your Recall Strategies

A product recall is the removal of a defective product from the market because it can cause harm to the consumer or place the manufacturer at risk of legal action. Although a recall is not something that companies want to be related to, preparing for it is very critical and it is an important part […]

Hemp Or Pot? The Question Plaguing Law Enforcement And Vexing Growers

Hemp and Marijuana can appear to be one in the same. How can law enforcement differentiate the two? The answer is in mobile hemp and marijuana testing equipment.

The Cannabis Terpene Terpinolene

While the various benefits of cannabis terpenes are still being studied, current scientific research points to Terpinolene as an effective sedative

The Cannabis Terpene Trans-Nerolidol

Trans-Nerolidol a secondary terpene found in lemongrass, tea tree, and jasmine. It is being researched currently for use as an anti-parasitic and anti-fungal

The Cannabis Terpene Terpinene

Tea tree oil naturally contains Terpinene and this undoubtedly has much to do with the antiseptic, antifungal properties of the tea tree oil

The Cannabis Terpene Sabinene

Sabinene is ranked as the single most important ingredient in essential oils because of the antiseptic nature of this therapeutic terpene.

The Terpene Phytol

Phytol is known as an antioxidant and research is beginning to lead us to believe that it is effective against tumors, as well as convulsions and seizures.

The Terpene Pulegone

Pulegone can work as a muscle relaxer and has also been used for generations as a fever reducer. Some research studies have shown it may also improve memory.
Phellandrene

The Terpene Phellandrene

Phellandrene is the topic of many experiments right now that focus on the anti-fungal properties and antibacterial properties of this terpene.

The Terpene Nerolidol

Nerolidol has had plenty of medicinal research because it has been found to be an anti-protozoan. It has treated malaria with great success.
menthol

The Cannabis Terpene Menthol

Menthol is also an antioxidant and an anti-inflammatory. This enables it to help with pain associated with many chronic conditions, such as arthritis.

The Cannabis Terpene Isopulegol

The precursor to menthol, Isopulegol gives a somewhat minty smell to marijuana. Studies on lab rats have concluded that it may be an effective relaxant.

The Cannabis Terpene Isoborneol

As the name seems to imply, Isoborneol is related to the terpene Borneol. It is believed to aid in reducing oxidative stress, and Alzheimer's among other conditions.
Guaiol

The Cannabis Terpene Guaiol

In 2007, Guaiol was found to be a a good antimicrobial agent, particularly against bacteria and fungi. In 2013, Guaiol to be a good insecticide.
Geranyl Acetate

The Cannabis Terpene Geranyl Acetate

Like most terpenes, Geranyl Acetate is a known anti-fungal, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory. Many are beginning to see the potential in plants as medicine
Fenchol

The Cannabis Terpene Fenchol

Rich in antioxidants which are suspected to aid in fending off cancer, as well as boosting the immune system, Fenchol is a secondary cannabis terpene.
cymene

The Cannabis Terpene Cymene

Cymene is found in cannabis but also most commonly in thyme and in cumin. Cymene is known for anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, first and foremost.
cedrene

The Terpene Cedrene

The terpene Cedrine, when combined with other terpenes and cannabinoids, can produce powerful anti-inflammatory effects.
camphor

The Cannabis Terpene Camphor

What is Camphor? What are the health benefits of the cannabis terpene Camphor? From where else is Camphor derived?
valencene

The Cannabis Terpene Valencene

When combined with cannabinoids such as CBD and THC, the therapeutic effects of Valencene will help you focus, relieve stress, relax and get in the zone.
Terpineol_Terpene

The Cannabis Terpene Terpineol

What is Terpineol? What conditions can Terpineol treat? Where can the terpene Terpineol be found?
Ocimene Terpene

What is the Cannabis Terpene Ocimene

What is the cannabis terpene Ocimene? What is the medicinal potential of Ocimene? Where can the terpene Ocimene be found?

The Cannabis Terpene Myrcene

What is Myrcene? What conditions can Myrcene treat? Which cannabis strains contain Myrcene?
linalool

The Cannabis Terpene Linalool

This terpene has anti-inflammatory properties that can benefit those with arthritis or other autoimmune diseases, such as MS or Fibromyalgia.
limonene

The Cannabis Terpene Limonene

As the name seems to imply, the terpene known as Limonene is commonly associated with citrus fruits but is also produced by cannabis.
Humulene

The Cannabis Terpene Humulene

Humulene is a common terpene shared by cannabis and hops. Hops are the ingredient that gives beer its fragrant aroma and robust flavor.
The Cannabis Terpene Geraniol

The Cannabis Terpene Geraniol

Most commonly found in cannabis, rose oil, lemongrass, lemons and other fruits, Geraniol is a potent anti-fungal which also helps to regulate metabolism.

The Cannabis Terpene Delta 3 Carene

What is Delta 3 Carene? What conditions can Delta 3 Carene treat? Where is Delta 3 Carene found?
Caryophyllene

The Terpene Caryophyllene

What is Caryophyllene? What are the health benefits of Carophyllene? Which plants create Carophyllene?
Camphene_Cannabis_Terpene_Ginger

The Cannabis Terpene Camphene

What is Camphene? What are the health benefits of the cannabis terpene Camphene? From where else is Camphene derived?
Eucalyptol

The Terpene Eucalyptol

What is Eucalyptol? In which plants is Eucalyptol found? What are the health benefits of Eucalyptol?
Borneol is derived from Dryobalanops Aromatica

The Cannabis Terpene Borneol

Borneol is a terpene that is widely used in traditional Chinese Medicine. Referred to as “Moxa”, it is used for heart health, anxiety relief, and pain.
Alpha-pinene and Beta-pinene

The Cannabis Terpenes Alpha-pinene and Beta-pinene

What are the cannabis terpenes Alpha-pinene and Beta-pinene ? How do Alpha-pinene and Beta-pinene act within the body? What are the medicinal uses of Alpha-pinene and Beta-pinene?
Cannabis Terpene Bisabolol

About the Cannabis Terpene Bisabolol

What is the Cannabis Terpene Bisabolol? How is Bisabolol created? What are the medicinal benefits of Bisabolol?

What is Cannabigerolic Acid – CBGA?

What is CBGA- Cannabigerolic Acid ? What do we know about CBGA? What are the health benefits of CBGA?

What is Cannabigerovarin – CBGV?

Lauded to be the most effective of all the cannabinoids in combating cancer, CBGV is one of over 100 known cannabinoids. What is CBGV and what can it treat?

What is Cannabigerovarinic Acid- CBGVA?

What is CBGVA - Cannabigerovarinic Acid? How is CBGVA created? What are the medicinal benefits of Cannabigerovarinic Acid?

What is Cannabigerol? – CBG

CBG is another in a long list of cannabinoids that many people know absolutely nothing about, but you should. What is CBG? What is the medicinal potential of CBG?

What is Cannabinolic Acid – CBNA?

There is little is known about CBNA other than it is not a psychoactive. Presently, we can only surmise that it will have qualities similar to both THCA and CBN.

What is Cannabinol – CBN?

CBN, or Cannabinol, bears a large resemblance to CBD (cannabidiol) and provides a host of benefits when it is isolated. It shows a lot of promise, and companies are begging research facilities to explore this cannabinoid compound in greater detail.

What is Cannabichromevarin – CBCV?

What is CBCV? How does CBCV differ from CBC and other cannabinoids? What is the medicinal value of CBCV?

What is Cannabichromene – CBC?

What is CBC? How does CBC differ from other cannabinoids? What are the medicinal uses of CBC?
Cannabis-potency-testing-hemp-potency-testing- CBCA - Cannabichromenic Acid

What is Cannabichromenic Acid – CBCA?

CBCA is one of 112 known cannabinoids found in cannabis plants. When decarboxylation methods are used to heat the compound, it breaks down to CBC.

What is Cannabidivarinic Acid – CBDVA?

What is CBDVA - Cannabidivarinic Acid? How is CBDVA created? What are the medicinal benefits of Cannabidivarinic Acid?

What is Cannabidivarin – CBDV?

What is CBDV? Is CBDV the same as CBD? What is the medicinal potential of CBDV? Where can CBDV be found?

What is -Cannabidiolic Acid – CBDA?

CBDA is not only closely related to the compound CBD (cannabidiol) which is a well-known cannabinoid, it is the predecessor. CBD comes from CBDA.
CBD

What is Cannabidiol – CBD?

CBD, or cannabidiol, is a phytocompound found in cannabis plants. CBD is a cannabinoid compound which is known to bond with CB2 receptors of the Endocannabinoid System (ECS). When CBD bonds with the CB2 receptors, a lipid is formed which helps do a number of things in the body.

What is Tetrahydrocannabivarin Carboxylic Acid – THCVA?

THCVA, in particular, joins the ranks of CBD, THC, CBC, CBGA, THCV and more cannabinoids that are being researched for their usefulness to the body. While CBD and THC are the most well-known of the cannabinoids, as science has continued to expand into cannabis research, and molecular isolation has improved, other cannabinoids have been able to be explored more fully.

What is Tetrahydrocannabivarin – THCV?

What is THCV? How does THCV differ from THC and THCVA? What is the medicinal value of THCV?

What is Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid – THCA?

What is the Difference Between THC and THCA? How Does THCA Turn Into THC? What are the medicinal benefits of THCA?

What is Delta 8 Tetrahydrocannabinol THC

Learn about Delta-8-Tetracannabinol, how THC-8 interacts with the human body, the medicinal benefits, and the difference between Delta-8-THC and Delta-9-THC

What is Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol – THC

When most people think of THC, they think of the euphoria or high associated with cannabis. While it is true that THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, is the chemical responsible for most of marijuana's psychotropic effects, it is actually a lot more complex than that.

Cannabinoids 101: Main Classes of Cannabinoids

While THC is the most well known of the cannabinoids, there are actually over 100 different cannabinoids present within the cannabis plant. Therapeutically, different cannabinoids have different therapeutic benefits and affect the body in different ways.  

Terpenes 101 – A Guide to Cannabis Terpenes

While primary terpenes largely influence how any individual plant smells, and effect a plant's growth and development, secondary terpenes aid the plant's defense. Whereas the unique aroma carried by each cannabis plant is a product of the primary terpenes present within the plant, the medicinal value of any given cannabis strain is a product of both primary and secondary terpenes combined. 

Cannabis and Hemp Testing Process

What is the process involved in testing cannabis and hemp potency? In this video Cree Crawford explains the science behind cannabis and hemp testing.

Presentation on Hemp

An in-depth presentation on hemp. Sheila Hemphill speaks on behalf of the Texas Hemp Industries Association in Austin, TX.

Cannabis and Hemp Testing for Growers and Cultivators

Testing for potency in hemp and cannabis is a science. Cree Crawford delves into the science of testing in the cannabis industry at an event for Texas Norml

Cannabis Science

Nishi Whiteley, author of the book Chronic Relief: A Guide to Cannabis for the Terminally and Chronically Ill, discusses cannabis science at an event for Texas Norml.

Learn about Cannabis Testing

Learn about cannabis and hemp potency testing. In-House potency testing allows for increased productivity and return on investment.

Ionization Labs team speaks at Hemp Stalk 2019

Accurate In-House cannabis and hemp potency testing. Cann-ID is the best in-house THC and CBD potency testing device on the market.

Chase McMicheal talks Cannabis testing and HPLC at Hemp Stalk 2019

What is HPLC? Chase McMicheal talks about high performance liquid chromatography) considered to be the standard for lab testing technology for potency.

In-House Potency Testing Solutions for Cannabis & Hemp

Cannabis & hemp industry professionals don't have to sacrifice accuracy when employing in-house potency testing. With Ionization Labs, the choice is “simply accurate” .
CBN_POTENCY-TESTING

CBN – Uncovering Yet Another of the Many Beneficial Cannabinoids Found in Cannabis

What is CBN? Learn more about Cannabinol, a non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in Cannabis, and arguably the next big thing in Cannabis therapy for mood, and sleep.

Factors Cultivators Need to Understand about Cannabis Potency Testing

Growers and cultivators need to develop potency testing to acquire a compliance certificate from in an accredited laboratory, label their products well, and have information on hand which will allow them to optimize their crops.

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