EXPLORING CBD – CANNABIDIOL
Perhaps the best-known cannabinoid at present, CBD seems to be everywhere you turn. In some states, you can drive down the street and see signs like, “CBD Sold Here!”
Which leads us to…
WHAT IS CANNABIDIOL?
- CBD, OR CANNABIDIOL, IS A PHYTOCOMPOUND FOUND IN CANNABIS PLANTS WHICH IS KNOWN TO BOND WITH CB2 RECEPTORS OF THE ENDOCANNABINOID SYSTEM (ECS).
- WHEN CBD BONDS WITH THE CB2 RECEPTORS, A LIPID IS FORMED WHICH EFFECTS THE BODY IN SEVERAL POSITIVE WAYS.
- CBD IS NOT A PSYCHOACTIVE COMPOUND, THEREFORE IT DOESN’T IMPAIR ONE’S ABILITY TO THINK OR FUNCTION COGNITIVELY.
- FINALLY, CBD HAS BEEN RESEARCHED EXTENSIVELY, HAVING BEEN EXPLORED FOR NEARLY AS LONG AS THC.
“CBD, or cannabidiol, is a phytocompound found in cannabis plants which is known to bond with CB2 receptors of the Endocannabinoid System (ECS).”
THE ENTOURAGE EFFECT
For many years, CBD was thought to be the phytocompound that offered the greatest medicinal benefit while THC largely provided the euphoria. Science is now beginning to understand that this isn’t true. Each cannabinoid compound, all 80+ of them, have their own unique, and layered, characteristics which are influenced by other cannabinoids. In fact, some cannabinoids only work well in the company of others; working as a team. This is called the entourage effect. CBD is thought to work with THC in this way.. Each cannabinoid compound, all 80+ of them, have their own unique, and layered, characteristics which are influenced by other cannabinoids.
CBD ISOLATE VS. FULL-SPECTRUM CBD
Because of the low levels of THC in the extracted oils, CBD oil is now marketed in all fifty states. Some CBD is isolated molecularly and is sold as “100% CBD” or “CBD Isolate” whereas other CBD is not isolated, and is sold as “Full-Spectrum.” The benefits of each of these forms vary.
Scientists discovered that CBD isolate doesn’t work as well as full-spectrum CBD for tremors and seizures. The difference is that the full-spectrum version has the presence of all of the other cannabinoids, with only a tiny amount of THC – .03%.
There is speculation that full-spectrum CBD carries greater medicinal benefit, but CBD does help with some things when used as isolate. The benefit of using isolate would be that drug tests don’t specifically look for this cannabinoid as they do Delta-9-THC, THCV, and Delta-8-THC. THCV has only recently been added to newer tests.
“Some CBD is isolated molecularly and is sold as “100% CBD” or “CBD Isolate.” Scientists discovered that CBD isolate doesn’t work as well for tremors and seizures, whereas ‘full-spectrum’ CBD does.”
MEDICINAL BENEFITS OF CBD
CBD has been shown to have a positive impact on glucose resistance to help diabetics maintain healthier blood sugar levels. It also has a direct impact on the digestive tract, which benefits those suffering from gastrointestinal conditions. As a result, some of the chronic conditions that are positively impacted by using CBD oil in full-spectrum applications are:
- Crohn’s disease
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome
- Pain and inflammation
This is a very partial list. The key thing to remember is that CBD has long been credited as the primary compound that is of benefit in the above conditions. Scientists are learning that other cannabinoid compounds are also to be credited now and that CBD may not work without the help of these other compounds.
Again, the entourage effect plays a key role in how CBD works with the team of other cannabinoids in the body. It helps with inflammation of arthritis, swelling due to inflammation, and more.
CBD is predominantly extracted from hemp but can also be extracted from marijuana. When from marijuana, it contains higher levels of THC and must be sold through a legal marijuana dispensary.