ALPHA-PINENE AND BETA-PINENE – EXPLORING CANNABIS TERPENES

Alpha-pinene and Beta-pinene are two types of cannabis terpenes that are also found in many plants. Alpha-pinene as also known as A-pinene and Beta-pinene is B-pinene. A-pinene is an alkene and is found in many species of conifers, especially pine trees. This would be why they smell a bit like pine. It has also been found in the oil of Rosemary and in Zoufa. It is most prevalent in European pines, however, it is also present in cannabis.

THE PINENE TERPENES

A-pinene and B-pinene are often found together as a racemic mixture. In chemistry, a racemic mixture is when there are equal parts of both ingredients found. They balance each other and work together. The racemic mixture is found in a few places that we know of – orange peel oil and eucalyptus oil, turpentine, pine needles, rosemary, dill, basil, parsley, and in cannabis plants. Plants in the cannabis family include hemp and marijuana.

The terpenes of plants are believed to have developed to protect them from bugs and possibly even animals grazing. Bugs are especially put off by the smell of some terpenes and the pine scent is one that is quite strong. When cultivated in certain varieties of hemp and marijuana, it not only gives a pleasing fragrance to humans, but it is believed to also give added value to the use of the plant as well.

The terpenes of plants are believed to have developed to protect them from bugs and possibly even animals grazing.

WHICH CANNABIS STRAINS CONTAIN THE MOST PINENE?

Several strains have been developed for higher pinene percentages. The one with the most is UW (at over 62% pinene), however you may find that AK-47 is good for you as well. It is the next highest pinene rated strain of marijuana, coming in at 32+%.

WHAT CONDITIONS CAN PINENE TREAT?

More research is definitely needed but, at this point, scientists see a value in pinene as a bronchodilator for those with breathing issues such as asthma and COPD. It seems to have anti-inflammatory properties, as well as fighting against short-term memory issues that could result from THC, known as tetrahydrocannabinol, in marijuana. THC is one of many cannabinoids found in cannabis and other plants around the globe. THC is the one known for causing the high and cognitive impairment associated with marijuana use. In general, it is believed that pinene may be useful in the treatment of:

  • ASTHMA
  • COPD
  • NEUROLOGICAL FUNCTIONING
  • INFLAMMATION 

THE FUTURE OF PININE

While terpenes occur naturally, some strains of medical marijuana have been cultivated specifically to have higher pinenes so that they have more impact for those seeking help with one of the aforementioned issues.

Several strains have been developed for higher pinene percentages. The one with the most is UW (at over 62% pinene), however you may find that AK-47 is good for you as well. It is the next highest pinene rated strain of marijuana, coming in at 32+%.

These strains will have a pine tree, earthy scent and the flavor will also have hints of this. The ‘earthy’ flavor is preferred by many people and is subtle yet distinct.